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Royal Mail celebrates another selection of remarkable individuals from the realms of sport, design, economics, heroism and the arts with the ‘Remarkable Lives’ stamp issue.
The set, available on 25 March, commemorates individuals whose centenaries of birth fall in 2014 and whohave all made a major contribution to British society.
The achievements of stage and screen actors Sir Alec Guinness and Kenneth Moore are among those recognised in this set. Guinness had an extraordinary film career that included an Oscar win in 1957 for The Bridge on the River Kwai and is also remembered for his portrayal of Obi-Wan Kenobi in the original Star Wars trilogy, while More was one of the most popular British and international stars from the late 1950s to the 1970s.
Also celebrated in the issue is Welsh poet and writer, Dylan Thomas, acclaimed for the radio drama Under Milk Wood and for poems such as ‘And Death Shall Have No Dominion’ and ‘Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night’.
The world of sport is represented by football player and manager, Joe Mercer. Mercer played club football with Everton and Arsenal and also won five full caps for England. Mercer’s management career included spells at Aston Villa and Manchester City. He was also interim manager of England for a brief period in 1974. Voted Footballer of the Year in 1950, he was awarded an OBE in 1976.
Economist, broadcaster and pioneer of global environmental issues, Barbara Ward also features in the set, as does Noorunissa Inayat Khan – who worked for the British Special Operations Executive (SOE) as a wireless officer in Paris during 1943.
Another inclusion is molecular biologist and Nobel laureate Max Perutz. Perutz who devoted most of his life to the study of haemoglobin shared the Nobel Prize in 1962 for work on the structures of haemoglobinand globular proteins.
Broadcaster and writer Roy Plomley is also celebrated alongside theatre director and writer Joan Littlewood. Plomley was the creator and original presenter of Desert Island Discs when the radio programme first aired in 1942 and remained at the helm of the popular show for 43 years. He was awarded an OBE in 1975. In 1963, Littlewood directed the internationally acclaimed Oh What a Lovely War – a play seen as a pioneer of its time and recently revived at the London theatre it originally opened in over 50 years ago.
Completing the issue is pioneering graphic designer Abram Games, whose work helped inform the nation about the importance of supporting the war effort. He created nearly 300 posters and went on to become the only official War Office Poster Artist. He was awarded an OBE in 1957.
Andrew Hammond, Royal Mail Director of Stamps and Collectibles, said: “The ‘Remarkable Lives’ stamp issue creates a great sense of history, and captures both the achievement and endeavour of these exceptional people.”
For more information contact:
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NOTES TO EDITOR
Stamp by Stamp
Broadcaster and writer
Roy Plomley took Desert Island Discs on air in 1942. His simple, elegant idea was to invite guests from different professions and spheres of public life to select eight pieces of music – the ‘discs’ – that they would want with them if stranded on an imaginary Caribbean island. The radio show, introduced with the theme tune ‘By the Sleepy Lagoon’, came to British households in the midst of the Second World War, offering a much-needed insight into lives lived beyond the everyday. Plomley presented the programme for 43 years. On the guest list were many notables, including royalty and five prime ministers, and Plomley himself was a ‘castaway’ twice. He was awarded an OBE in 1975.
Roy Plomley was born in Kingston, Surrey. After working at an estate agency and then in advertising and publishing, he moved on to acting and radio. In 1936 he became an announcer with the International Broadcasting Company (IBC) – a rival to the BBC – starting out on Radio Normandy. Escaping France with his wife ahead of the occupying forces, he lived in Hertfordshire, where Desert Island Discs was born. This, the longest-running radio entertainment show, is a living database of international cultural history – a rich crew of individuals, revealed in all their charm and idiosyncrasy through music and words.
Economist and broadcaster
Barbara Ward saw that for the world to survive and to thrive, fair sharing of resources and wealth was imperative. With her husband Robert Jackson, an administrator for the United Nations, she observed significant projects in India and Africa, where she realised the importance of economic relationships between established and emerging countries. A passionate and powerful intellectual, as well as a prolific writer and lecturer, Ward worked tirelessly to influence policy makers, persistently reminding them of their international responsibilities.
Barbara Ward was born at Heworth, Yorkshire, into a family founded in the Catholic and Quaker faiths. She studied in Paris and Oxford, and her career spanned from wartime work at the Ministry of Information to journalism at The Economist and the Schweitzer Professorship of Economic Development at Columbia University, USA. Ward helped inspire the European Union and is known as a pioneer of global environmental issues. In 1974 she was made a Dame of the British Empire and two years later became Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth. She also received the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding from the Government of India.
She co-authored ‘Only One Earth’ for the 1972 UN conference on Human Development which was a landmark publication that invented the ideas of ‘sustainable development’.
Football player and manager
Joe Mercer embodied charm, sporting values and humble good humour combined with great skill throughout a 50-year career in football as player and manager. Seemingly always smiling, he was a distinguished competitor for England, Everton and Arsenal, captaining the latter team in two FA Cup finals and two League championships. After retiring from the pitch, Mercer managed Sheffield United, Aston Villa and Manchester City, leading this last team to victory in the FA Cup, European Cup Winners’ Cup and Football League Cup.
Born in the Wirral, the son of a professional footballer, Joe Mercer joined Ellesmere Port as a teenager. He made a reputation on the turf in the 1930s and during the Second World War was a physical training instructor and participant in British Army football across Europe. Mercer won three championship medals, an FA Cup winners’ medal, as well as five full and 22 wartime international caps. He was voted Footballer of the Year in 1950 and awarded an OBE. The legacy of ‘Uncle’ Joe Mercer lies in how fondly and respectfully he is remembered by many in the sport.
Stage and screen actor
Kenneth More was the actor who made the character of the middle-class Englishman his own. His career was founded upon carefully crafted roles which explored this seemingly banal individual, to communicate comedy and tragedy equally well. More became widely known as the driver of a veteran motor car in Genevieve of 1953. Subsequently, he portrayed the Second World War pilot Douglas Bader in Reach for the Sky. More starred in several highly regarded films and television series, including Doctor in the House, The 39 Steps, The Forsyte Saga and Father Brown, and was one of the most popular British and international stars from the late 1950s through the 1970s.
Born in Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, More was educated on the island of Jersey. After some training as a civil engineer and an abortive attempt to become a fur-trapper in Canada, he took a job at the Windmill Theatre in London. Here his stage career began: he started to appear in comic interludes between the risqué shows. His ability to distil the characteristics of the Englishman led him to act for Noël Coward and to be selected for Terence Rattigan’s premiere of The Deep Blue Sea.
Poet and writer
In his short life, Dylan Thomas navigated a stormy course through modern literature, evoking the brilliance and pathos of human existence along the way. With rich imagination, he crafted poems, prose and drama presenting universal visions of everyday lives. Thomas’s most well-known text is the radio drama Under Milk Wood, which was later filmed starring Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor and Peter O’Toole. He is also acclaimed for poems such as ‘And Death Shall Have No Dominion’ and ‘Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night’, the latter written about his dying father.
Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea to a teacher of English literature and a seamstress. He published his first poems as a teenager and worked as a freelance journalist before being taken up by the literary world from 1934. He gained a reputation as a flamboyant saloon-bar poet on the London scene, but he also wrote scripts for the Ministry of Information and the BBC and tirelessly performed his work (and that of others) for radio. He died in New York while on a performance tour, aged 39.
Sir Alec Guinness
Stage and screen actor
Sir Alec Guinness first acted on screen in 1946, in Great Expectations for David Lean, beginning an extraordinary film career that would see him cast in a multitude of roles, including eight related characters in Kind Hearts and Coronets, a Jedi Knight in the original Star Wars trilogy and John le Carré’s master spy George Smiley in two television series. Guinness’s many memorable performances range from a colonel in The Bridge on the River Kwai to several mischievous personalities in dark comedies made by the quintessentially British Ealing Studios.
Born in London, to Agnes Cuffe, Guinness began life in poor circumstances, but his determination to act was encouraged by John Gielgud. By the late 1930s, he was regularly appearing in classic plays, under directors such as Michel Saint-Denis, Tyrone Guthrie and Gielgud. He continued to act on stage – embodying characters created by William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, TS Elliot, Arthur Miller and Evelyn Waugh, among others – but by the mid-1950s, film roles started to take up more of his time. He won an Oscar in 1957 and an Academy Honorary Award in 1979. Guinness was made a CBE in 1955, knighted in 1959 and made a Companion of Honour in 1994.
Noorunissa Inayat Khan
SOE agent in occupied France
Noorunissa Inayat Khan became one of the silent heroes of the Second World War. With the code name ‘Madeleine’, she worked as a wireless officer for the British Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Paris during 1943, when the city was occupied by Nazi forces. She evaded capture far longer than expected in her role and continued to send important messages to London to aid the French Resistance. She was betrayed, arrested and interrogated, but she refused to give up her secrets. She was executed at Dachau by the Gestapo in September 1944.
Born in Moscow to a Sufi teacher and an American mother, and descended from the 18th-century Tipu Sultan of Mysore, Noorunissa Inayat Khan was educated in Paris. Escaping to England after the fall of France, she joined the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force, then took one of the most dangerous postings in occupied territory. She maintained her views on non-violence by not carrying a weapon. She was posthumously awarded the French Croix de Guerre and the British George Cross, one of only three women to receive the latter award for service during the Second World War.
A memorial to her in Gordon Square Gardens, London was unveiled by the Princess Royal in 2012.
Molecular biologist and Nobel laureate
Max Perutz devoted most of his working life to the study of haemoglobin – more precisely, to finding the position of the 10,000 atoms that make up its structure and to explaining how it acquires an appetite for oxygen and is induced to release it. For demonstrating how X-ray crystallography can be used to determine the structure of a protein, he shared the Nobel Prize with John Kendrew in 1962.
Born in Vienna, Max Perutz studied chemistry and moved to Cambridge in 1936 to pursue his research. Interned as an enemy alien at the outbreak of the Second World War, he was sent to Canada but released in 1941 to continue his work. He was the chairman of the Medical Research Council’s Unit (later its Laboratory) for Molecular Biology, which now boasts eight Nobel Prizes, including that for the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953. Later in life, Perutz turned to the study of Huntington’s disease. He was made a Companion of Honour and received the Order of Merit; he also won the Lewis Thomas Prize for his writings on science.
Theatre director and writer
Joan Littlewood revolutionised British theatre after the Second World War by making the classics immediate and by turning raw material relevant to its time into productions of international acclaim. Chief among them was the eye-opening First World War entertainment Oh What a Lovely War, which (together with A Taste of Honey and Fings Ain’t Wot They Used T’Be) was created in close collaboration with her actors.
Littlewood was born in a working-class district of south London. She left the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art early, and with Jimmie Miller (later known as Ewan MacColl) she founded the agit-prop-inspired Theatre Union in Manchester. After the Second World War, aiming to bring a fresh kind of theatre to a new audience, the company toured the UK and Europe as Theatre Workshop before settling in 1953 at the run-down Theatre Royal in London’s East End. With the guidance of Littlewood’s partner, Gerry Raffles, came hard-won recognition. Littlewood, wanting to release everyone’s innate potential, also dreamed of a place for learning and entertainment: The Fun Palace. Her ideas for this project governed the rest of her life. After the death of Raffles in 1975, Littlewood left theatre and wrote books, dividing her time between France and England.
Abram Games designed almost 300 posters, which became artworks for all. His work helped to inform the nation about the importance of supporting the war effort by growing food and avoiding careless talk, and he designed posters for travel and new products. He created the symbol for the 1951 Festival of Britain, thus giving the nation a witty and patriotic design for use on every possible object, from buildings to stamps. Games may be best known for his visual inventiveness, which drew on the influence of European modernism. He had a passion for product innovation: he designed a coffee maker, a circular vacuum cleaner and a portable duplicator.
Born in Whitechapel, London, to an émigré Latvian-born photographer and a seamstress, Games trained as a commercial artist and in the mid-1930s started work as a freelance designer. He was the only official War Office Poster Artist and attained the rank of Captain. Games was awarded an OBE in 1957 and appointed Royal Designer for Industry in 1959. His works, familiar and intriguing, have become part of Britain’s visual history.
ROYAL MAIL STAMPS
For almost 50 years, Royal Mail’s Special Stamp programme has commemorated and celebrated events and anniversaries pertinent to UK heritage and life. Today, there are an estimated 2.5 million stamp collectors and gifters in the UK and millions worldwide. Her Majesty the Queen approves all UK stamp designs before they are printed.
The stamps and stamp products are available at all Post Office branches, online at www.royalmail.com/remarkablelives and from Royal Mail Tallents House (tel. 08457 641 641), 21 South Gyle Crescent, Edinburgh, EH12 9PB.
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© Royal Mail Group Limited 2014